On March 12, 1989, the visual layer of the Internet was quietly revealed, fundamentally changing the way we communicate, research, consume and share media, waste time at work, and, well, do everything else really. It was called the World Wide Web. To celebrate, we’ve put together a purposefully brisk and oversimplified history (trust us, you don’t want to see the unabridged version) leading up to its now 25 years of existence.
The first Atlantic cable was installed, allowing humans to communicate electronicallyacross an ocean for the very first time.
The Department of Defense establishes the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, or ARPANET, connecting mainframe computers all over the world for the next 20 years. Hello, proto-Internet!
March 12, 1989
Tired of waiting for responses from his colleagues, Tim Berners-Lee, a software engineer at CERN, invents a system for exchanging data and results over the Internet. He submits his proposal for a browser-based, hypertext system to management on March 12. Eventually, this would become the World Wide Web.
July 18, 1992
The first-ever photo is posted to the web. The ur-Photoshop image is of science-themed girl group called Les Horribles Cernettes, which was made up of the girlfriends and secretaries of CERN’s scientists.
Yes, it was a .gif file.
Regular folks–like you and me!–outside of the CERN are allowed to join the web for the first time.
April 22, 1993
Mosaic, a browser co-written by Marc Andreesen that had the amazing ability to display text and images at the same time, launches, creating the anatomy of the modern web page. Thanks to a legal dispute in 1994, however, the company was forced to change the name of its browser, which it rechristened as Netscape Navigator.
In a major shift, CERN announces that the World Wide Web’s technology would be available for anyone to use royalty-free.
Two Stanford students, Jerry Yang and David Filo, create a website called “Jerry’s Guide to the World Wide Web.” Later that March, they decided to rename the portal to something slightly catchier: Yahoo.
Web-based email comes to the browser! One of the first versions unveiled in the United States, Webex, was, in fact, written by Fast Company chief technology officerMatt Mankins.
September 15, 1997
Two more Stanford students register a domain for a new kind website that made it vastly easier to index and comb the web. They called it Google. You should try it sometime!
Pets.com launches, raising $121 million from investors. The company filed for an IPO in 2000, and was liquidated just 268 days later, effectively sounding the dotcom era’s death knell.
Chris DeWolfe and Tom Anderson launch an enormously popular website, MySpace, that allows users to build profiles and connect with one another, sewing the early fabric of the social web. “MySpace Tom” becomes a household name–and every user’s first online friend.
February 4, 2004
Less than a year later, a Harvard student named Mark Zuckerberg invents a similar social-networking website called Facebook. You may have heard of it.
March 21, 2006
Apple’s Steve Jobs pulls out a tiny computer called the iPhone, effectively putting a usable version of the web in the pockets of non-techy consumers.